The Top 10 Private Health Insurance Plans in Canada

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Canadian citizens benefit from universal public health insurance funded by their payroll taxes. Canada’s universal care is of high quality, but it is not comprehensive. Emergency and preventive care are largely covered, but 30% of healthcare expenditures are private or out-of-pocket.

Did you know that Canadian medicare does not guarantee access to dental care, vision care or prescription medications? If you find yourself without coverage, the costs are high.

Have questions? This guide explains what is covered by the public system, private insurance options, reviews, and the best insurance for you.

What is health insurance?

In Canada, health insurance helps to pay the cost of medical expenses incurred from illness or injury. It can also cover some everyday medical expenses such as dental, vision and prescriptions. On top of access to universal public health insurance through one’s province or territory, one may obtain additional health insurance through one’s employer, buy it independently or qualify for supplemental government-provided coverage.

What is the difference between public and private health insurance in Canada?

In Canada, both public and private health care insurance exist. Every citizen or permanent resident may benefit from universal public health insurance. Examples are OHIP in Ontario, RAMQ in Quebec and the Medical Services Plan in British Columbia. Supplemental private insurance covers additional expenses and services not included in the public coverage. Private insurers include Sun Life, Manulife, Desjardins, GMS, Blue Cross Canada, and Canada Life (which recently absorbed Great-West Life and London Life), among many others.

Public health insurance in Canada

Public health insurance is universal health coverage funded through taxes and administered by the government. One is required to have a health insurance card to receive medical services. Public health insurance in Canada differs significantly from province to province.

Private health insurance in Canada

Private health insurance is health coverage that covers expenses not paid by the public system. It is either purchased by an individual or offered as a benefit by an employer. It typically reimburses a percentage of prescription drugs, dental care, supplemental health care, medical equipment and nursing, and vision care. There are basic, inexpensive plans that can help pay a portion of medical expenses. More complete, more expensive options offer greater reimbursement for a wider range of treatments. These plans may include services like access to therapists and chiropractors, semi-private hospital rooms, catastrophic drug, emergency travel, and orthodontic services.

We highly recommend getting a private insurance plan. It can help you access better care when you need it while saving you from large, unexpected expenses.

Good to know

Balance your expected needs and your budget to find a plan that makes sense for you.

Popular private health insurance companies in Canada include:

What does health insurance cover in Canada?

Public health insurance plans cover many basic medical needs. This includes doctor’s visits, hospital visits, and surgeries. What is covered, and at what percentage, varies greatly between provinces. This topic goes beyond the scope of this summary page.

Good to know

Private health insurance in Canada can make up for what are sometimes significant gaps in public health coverage.

Depending on the plan, private health insurance plans in Canada cover a large percentage of costs like:

  • Prescription medication
  • Dental care
  • Physiotherapy
  • Ambulance services
  • Eye exams and prescription eyeglasses
  • Physician services, surgery/anesthesia, x-ray and laboratory services
  • Accessories and medical devices bought in pharmacies
  • Orthopedic shoes or podiatric orthotics
  • Hearing aids
  • Nursing care

Health care costs are split between you, the provincial insurer and the private insurer. Your provincial and private plans each pay a percentage. You will cover the remainder.

Many private health plans offer catastrophic health insurance coverage in their plans. When an individual’s medical expenses pass a predefined maximum for the year, catastrophic coverage kicks in. At that point, their plan will then cover 100% of the cost. This caps how much an individual can pay, limiting their financial risk.

Private health insurance can be a literal lifesaver

If you or a loved one develops a serious health condition that requires expensive treatments private health insurance plan can help you to pay for it.

Start saving today!
Get a free health insurance quote

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Why should I get a private health insurance policy?

Key reasons to pay for private health insurance coverage include:

  • Getting the treatment you need, when and where you need it.
  • Being covered for a wider range of services and treatments.
  • Affordability and cost-effectiveness.
  • Saving on unexpected expenses.
  • Not having to worry about how to pay for a large health care charge on top of your other expenses like car insurance premiums or mortgage payments.

Do health insurance policies change depending on the province?

Yes. Each of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories offers its own public insurance plan. Some are significantly different. All offer basic health care services. Beyond this basic care, some are more generous than others. As a result, private health insurance policies are also different between provinces and territories.

Province/TerritoryProvincial Public Health System
AlbertaAlberta Health Care Insurance Plan
British ColumbiaMedical Services Plan
ManitobaManitoba Health
Northwest TerritoriesNWT Health Care Plan
New BrunswickNew Brunswick Medicare
Newfoundland and LabradorNewfoundland And Labrador Medical Care Plan
Nova ScotiaNova Scotia Health
NunavutNunavut Health Care Plan
OntarioOntario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP)
Prince Edward IslandHealth PEI
QuebecQuebec Health Insurance Plan (RAMQ)
SaskatchewanGovernment Of Saskatchewan
YukonHealth Care Insurance Plan (YHCIP)
The public insurance systems for each territory and province

As the public health insurance system is so diverse in Canada, health insurance needs vary from one province to another.

Private health insurance is important for filling in needs not covered by these public systems. Use our health insurance comparator to see the best rates where you are.

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How much does health insurance cost in Canada?

The cost of health insurance plans differs greatly across Canada. The average cost of health insurance coverage can depend on:

  • Where you live
  • The level of health insurance plan desired
  • Your earnings
  • Your age

You'll need to get a personalized health insurance quote to be sure of the price. You can get quotes in just seconds our comparison tool at the top of this page.

How to get health insurance quotes in Canada?

There are several ways to get health insurance quotes in Canada. You can use a broker, shop for yourself, or use an internet comparator.

A private health insurance broker can help you find the best policy for you. This option can be more expensive, since you may be charged a commission- typically around 10% of the premium. Because the broker represents specific insurers and plans, shop around for quotes from several sources before making a decision.

You can also request quotes through each company to find a health insurance plan for you, but this is time-consuming.

The internet is a great resource for asking questions, comparing policies and making a selection. You can use our comparison tool to quickly and conveniently compare quotes and find the best one for your situation.

Start saving today!
Get a free health insurance quote

Get a quote in just seconds

What is the best way to find a cheap health insurance plan?

The first step in finding affordable health insurance in Canada is to understand exactly what your plan covers and how it works. Compare the benefits offered and what, if any, exclusions or limitations may apply.

Selecting a suitable plan can be an ordeal. Try our online health insurance comparison tool to save money. Quickly shop the best quotes in your province, compare details and get reliable information.

Is it possible to combine health and dental insurance?

Yes, you can combine health and dental insurance under one plan and one monthly premium. Dental care is important for both your oral and your overall health. Many Canadians do not go as often as is recommended (twice per year!) because of the cost of care. Insurance can help to defray this cost.

Good to know

See dental insurance guide for the essential information.

Are health insurance premiums tax-deductible in Canada?

Yes. In Canada, health insurance premiums that you pay yourself are often eligible for a tax deduction under the Medical Expense Tax Credit. Premiums paid into a private insurance plan count as qualifying medical expenses assuming that 90% go towards medical expenses that are themselves eligible for the tax credit. Care like hospitalization, medical, dental, vision, and even medical devices are covered.

Plans paid by employers or provinces are not eligible for tax deductions.

Looking for a list of tax-deduction qualifying medical expenses?

This PDF from the Canada Revenue Agency details them:

How do I cancel my personal health insurance plan in Canada?

In Canada, cancelling your private health insurance plan is not difficult. Generally, you will do it in writing. Check your specific contract and contact your service provider for details.

Be aware that you may owe a penalty if your policy has not yet expired. Policies often run for a one-year term, even if payments are monthly.

Watch out!

Avoid bad surprises. To avoid gaps in coverage, make sure that your new insurance plan begins before your previous one lapses.

How can I purchase travel medical insurance?

You may be able to purchase travel coverage through your existing private insurer, a travel agent, or your credit card. If not, there are specialist companies.

If you are travelling, even for a short period, travel insurance is important. Outside of your province, your provincial medical plan may not cover your expenses. Outside of the country, it will not. Health care in other countries, like the neighbouring United States, can be extremely expensive. In some countries, you may even be denied critical care if you are unable to pay upfront.

What health insurance plan is best for international students?

International students attending a university in Canada are not always eligible for the country’s public health care. They are instead required to get a private health care insurer. Each province is different. In provinces where students are not eligible for public health care insurance, the universities themselves often provide a health insurance plan for their international students. It may even be mandatory and included in the tuition fees.

Good to know

If you can not continue your semester due to illness, many insurance plans for international students will reimburse your tuition fees!

See our guides on health insurance in Canada:

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on 2023-01-30

My husband and I are in our late 70's and would like a quote on dental insurance.

James James Our expert

Hello Carol,

Please enter your criteria on our dental insurance comparison tool and we will provide you with several quotes.

on 2023-01-13

Looking for medical and dental insurance for me , my spouse and my 32 year old child. Is it possible to get insurance to cover 3 adults?

James James Our expert


When using our comparison tool at the very beginning of this page, select "Family" in the "What is your situation?" section. The insurance plans shown to you will then be adapted to your specific situation.

Have a nice day, the Hellosafe Team

Carlos L.
on 2022-08-30

Looking for a family insurance health and dental

James James Our expert

Hi Carlos,
You can use the comparison tool at the top of the page to find the offer that suits you best. You can then contact the insurer of your choice directly to get a quote.

Have a nice day,
The HelloSafe team

on 2022-08-30

I need a family insurance for myself ,My wife and my three children(three sons)

James James Our expert

Hi Sanjaya,
You can use the tool at the top of the page to find the best offer for you, and directly contact the insurer of your choice for a quote.

Have a nice day,
The HelloSafe team

on 2022-04-22

Do you have a calculator to compare private health insurance options in Alberta?

James James Our expert

Hi Jill,
You can find more information on this topic in our article "Compare Alberta's top private health insurance"

Have a nice day,
The HelloSafe team

on 2022-02-26

Does any health insurance cover laparoscopy?

James James Our expert

Yes, most health insurances cover laparoscopy as long as it is medically necessary. If you want to make sure, you can contact the insurance provider of your choice and ask them directly.

Have a nice day,
The HelloSafe Team

on 2021-11-22

Do any of your policies cover fertility drugs

James James Our expert


Yes, most of the insurers presented on this page cover part of fertility drugs.

Have a nice day,
The team at Safe

Whitney R.
on 2021-11-19

trying to get my mother in law back to Canada from Texas and need health insurance for her in Ontario until a permanent move to Alberta

James James Our expert


We suggest you use our health insurance plans comparator to find out which plan would best fit you.

Have a nice day,
The team at Safe

on 2021-10-18

Unable to access the "Compare Quotes" tool.

James James Our expert


Could you please tell us which button doesn't work so we can fix that?
Thank you in advance.

Have a nice day,
The team at Safe

Suman S.
on 2021-09-18

My husband n me age 70yrs and want a health n dental insurance which is good and reasonable in Ontario. Can u suggest the best companies I can contact. Thanks

James James Our expert


We suggest you to try our health insurance plan comparator to know which one would best fit you.

Have a nice day,
The Safe team

on 2021-09-15

Looking for affordable health insurance plan to buy for my family of 4 ( the best with less limitations and exclusions) but s as Lao not crazily expensive. What would you recommend??

James James Our expert


We suggest you to try our health insurance plan comparator to know which one would best fit you.

Have a nice day,
The Safe team

Patricia F.
on 2021-09-08

I am 79 years old....long retired. Am interested in healthcare plan that covers vision, massage, physio therapy and prescription drugs. What is best plan for me and what company

James James Our expert

Hello Patricia,

We suggest you to take a look at our health insurance plans comparator to know which plan would best fit you.

Have a nice day,
The Safe team

Sunu G.
on 2021-09-07

I am on visitor visa. What is the best medical or health insurance plan and provider for me aged 40years and my son 10 years old for a period of three months.

James James Our expert


We invite you to use our online-interactive tool in order ro know which health insurance plan would best fit you.

Have a nice day,
The Safe team